Approaches to Learning
1. Initiative: children demonstrate initiative as they explore their
2. Planning: children/teacher make plans and follow through on their
3. Engagement: children focus on activities that interest them.
4. Problem Solving: Children solve problems encountered in play and learning.
5. Use of resources: children gather information and formulate ideas about their world.
6. Reflection: children reflect on their experiences.
Social and Emotional Development
7. Self-identity: children have a positive self-identity.
8. Sense of competence: children feel they are competent.
9. Emotions: children recognize, label, and regulate their feelings.
10. Empathy: children demonstrate empathy towards others.
11. Community: children participate in the community of the classroom.
12. Building relationships: children build relationships with other children and adults.
13. Cooperative play: children engage in cooperative play.
14. Moral development: children develop on internal sense of right and wrong.
15. Conflict resolution: children resolve social conflicts.
Physical Development and Health
16. Gross-motor skills: children demonstrate strength, flexibility, balance and timing using their
17. Fine-motor skills: children demonstrate dexterity and hand-eye coordination in using their small muscles.
18. Body awareness: children know about their bodies and how to navigate them in space.
19. Personal care: children carry out personal care routines on their own.
20. Healthy behaviour: children engage in healthy practices.
Language, Literacy and Communication
21. Comprehension: children understand language.
22. Speaking: children express themselves using language.
23. Vocabulary: children understand and use a variety of words and phrases.
24. Phonological awareness: children identify distinct sounds and spoken language.
25. Alphabetic knowledge: children identify letter names and their sounds.
26. Reading: children read for pleasure and information.
27. Concepts about print: children demonstrate knowledge about environmental print.
28. Book knowledge: children demonstrate knowledge about books.
29. Writing: children write for many different purposes.
30. Number words and symbols: children recognize and use number words and symbols.
31. Counting: children count things.
32. Part-whole relationships: children combine and separate quantities of objects.
33. Shapes: children identify, name and describe shapes.
34. Spatial awareness: children recognize spatial relationships among people and objects.
35. Measuring: children measure to describe, compare and order things.
36. Unit: children understand and use the concept of unit.
37. Patterns: children identify, describe, copy, complete and create patterns.
38. Data analysis: children use information about quantity to draw conclusions, make decisions
and solve problems.
39. Art: children express and represent what they observe, think, imagine and feel through art.
40. Music: children express and represent what they observe, think, imagine, and feel through music.
41. Movement: children express and represent what they observe, think, imagine and feel through
42. Pretend play: children express and represent what they observe, think, imagine and feel
through pretend play.
43. Appreciating the arts: children appreciate the creative arts.
Science and Technology
44. Observing: children observe the materials and processes in their environment.
45. Classifying: children classify materials, actions, people and events.
46. Experimenting: children experiment to test their ideas.
47. Predicting: children predict what they expect will happen.
48. Drawing conclusions: children draw conclusions based on their experiences and observations.
49. Communicating ideas: children communicate their ideas about the characteristics of things and
how they form.
50. Natural and physical world: children gather knowledge about the natural and physical world.
51. Tools and technology: children explore and use tool and technology.
52. Diversity: children understand that people have diverse characteristics, interests and abilities.
53. Community roles: children recognize that people have different roles and functions in the
54. Decision making: children participate in making classroom decisions.
55. Geography: children recognize and interpret features and locations in their environment.
56. History: children understand past, present and future.
57. Ecology: children understand the importance of taking care of their environment.